Subject: Social Studies

Topic: Wages and Income

Duration: 40mins

Reference Material: Easyway to Social Studies for Primary School, 5

Previous Knowledge: Pupils are familiar with employment.

Objective: At the end of the lesson, pupils should:

  • Explain Wages
  • Give reasons why some people earn high salaries


Wages and salaries are the amount of money paid to workers by their employers after the workers have done their job.

Salary differs from wages in the sense that salaries are fixed, regular and usually paid every month, while wages are paid according to the number of hours, days or weeks that a person works.

Other Incomes

          In addition to salaries and wages, other income workers can get are the following:

  1. Transport allowance
  2. Interest from saving
  3. Housing allowance
  4. Gratuity
  5. Dividends

Reasons why some workers receive higher salaries than others

  1. A very big company/industry pays higher salary than smaller ones
  2. Workers who do delicate work (doctors) or dangerous works (pilot) often receive more salary than those who do normal work.
  3. A person with higher qualification
  4. Those who do their work better gets a higher pay
  5. Those who do more work than others

Effects of Unequal Wages and Salaries

  1. They stage a demonstration o they go on strike
  2. They may protest by writing to their managers to complain
  3. They may work without giving their best, because they are unhappy
  4. They might decide to resign


Step 1: Teacher revises the previous lesson with the pupils.

Step 2: Teacher introduces and explains the new topic to the pupils.

Step 3: Pupils are allowed to ask questions.

Step 4: Teacher writes notes under content on the board for pupils to copy.


  1. List four other types of income that workers can get
  2. State the difference between wages and salary

Conclusion: Teacher collects notes for correction and marking.

Assignment: State reasons why people collect different salaries