Reports: Gbenga Daniel agrees to lead supporters to APC
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Former Ogun State Governor, Otunba Gbenga Daniel may have agreed to lead his supporters to join the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC), according to multiple reports on a meeting he held in Sagamu today.

In a letter dated March 14 and addressed to the PDP National Chairman, Uche Secondus, Daniel resigned from the party and also quit partisan politics.

But in dramatic twist on Sunday, Daniel addressed his supporters and loyalists at his Asoludero residence in Sagamu on why he decided to quit partisan politics.

Hundreds of his supporters roared and rejected Daniels position, saying he must lead them in to APC, having worked for the victory of the ruling partys governorship candidate, Dapo Abiodun in the March 9 election.

Reports said Daniel did not give a categorical response to the demands of his supporters, but in an interview with newsmen, he gave hints about his next political move.

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Here is the transcript of his interview with newsmen:

JOURNALISTS: What would you say on what played out at the meeting?

DANIEL: Basically, they (supporters) said I could resign from PDP. They said I must lead them to APC. And they also said I cannot retire from politics that is the summary of what I heard. Now we have to take a look at it.

JOURNALISTS: What is your position on their demands? Are you leading them into APC?

DANIEL: What else can I say? My people have spoken.

Source: NAN

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Digital Innovations in the Nigerian banking sector
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You may have not come to embrace the fact that ‘speed means business’ in this age that we are in but making a quick dash into the bank should help you realize the significance of the phrase. Time and again, you would have seen how people come into the banking hall wishing things were done at a faster pace. And sometimes, the crowd becomes so overwhelming that one’s time [for other relevant activities] is eventually encroached upon.

It is in keeping the number of customers in the banking hall within manageable size that a host of banks have now adopted different digital avenues through which customers can do certain transactions without having to go into the banking hall. Talking about digital innovations however, some banks appear to be above the rest in developing and optimizing technological advances that are very effective for their business operations.

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Leading the pack in this respect is United Bank for Africa (UBA). This financial institution was adjudged [by EuroMoney Awards] to be the best digitally advanced bank in Africa in 2018, and in the same year, it was recognized by International Financial Magazine as the most innovative digital bank. These feats showed the huge investment that the bank has directed towards digital innovations. Besides being one of the first financial institutions to adopt the Finacle 10x digital platform, the bank is also the foremost to optimize social media platforms for financial services. With an app such as ‘Leo’, the bank’s customers are able to carry out transactions [like fund transfer, airtime purchase, checking of balance and opening of new accounts] through the social media platforms like Facebook and WhatsApp.

But UBA is not alone in the digital upsurge; others like FirstBank, DiamondBank, Wema Bank and so on are also coming up well. Furthermore, a research showing Fidelity Bank’s drive in digital innovation reveals that it is not one (financial institution) that can be swept aside when discussing technological upgradability in the banking sector in Nigeria. Fidelity’s Flashkey is just one of the ways through which the bank is showing off its digital creativity, and the app has surely change how we do fund transfer.

These digital innovations are surely gaining more popularity among customers, and they will be very handy in ensuring that the country operates a cashless economy. However, despite their advantages, there remains a considerable number of the populace that is yet to fully embrace the use of these digital financial innovations. For some persons, it is down to the fact that they do not know how to use them [or lack of knowledge about their existence] while some have decided against using them (digital innovations) because they do not trust the system. Hence, it is incumbent on every financial institution that has adopted any form of digitalization to effectively sensitize its customers on the existence and use of such. On the other hand, it is expedient that some of these financial institutions promptly address issues that may be associated with insecurity and/or operational failure of their technological processes.

Notwithstanding, the Nigerian banking sector is on a digital ascendance and should banks such as UBA, FirstBank and Fidelity continue in their stride – and those lagging behind taking a cue from them – we may be in for an entirely new face of banking in our part of the world in the nearest future.

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Review on Blue Band, Flora, Golden Penny, Mamador, Oldenburger and Summerfield
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County Spreads
How do you like to have your bread served? With jam or mayonnaise spread in-between or with some delicious stew? Well, for those of us who love to indulge in some fatty goodness, any of the following spreads should present a healthy choice. Besides, you might find them useful as intensifier or a fitting condiment for doing your baking.

Blue band: Blue band is certainly not an unfamiliar brand in Nigeria. It is one of the few brands that has so far stood the test of time. This spread which is made from top quality vegetable oil, has low fat content, and it is rich in vitamins A, D and E as well as some essential minerals.
Blue band is good for kids as it promotes growth and development; adults are, of course, not left out from enjoying its tastiness. It is available in 250g, 450g and 900g packs, and it could cost between N600 - N1,400 depending on the size.

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Golden penny: Golden penny spread is another nutritious one that is filled with goodness for gourmets. It is a rich source of essential vitamins like vitamins A, B6, B12, D, E, folic acid and niacin. Like Blue band, it is also available in 250g, 450g and 900g pack sizes. The price is between N300 – N1,500. It will make a great complement on your meal whether you just spread it on your toast or use it in some other ways.

Mamador: By producing the ‘Classic spread' through its Mamador brand, PZ Wilmer continues to sustain its commitment towards doling out healthy and tasty edibles – Mamador vegetable cooking oil should definitely ring a bell here. Mamador Classic spread contains vitamins, soy lecithin, sodium and essential fat. It is free from cholesterol and trans fat. The product is only available in 250g and 450g packs; the price for the 250g pack is N350 while the 450g pack is between N650 and N750.

Oldenburger: German dairy product manufacturer, Oldenburger abides by its rule of making quality consumables with this highly nutritious butter. Oldenburger butter will make such a wonderful delicacy that your taste-bud will find too hard to resist. It contains essential fat, protein as well as other vital nutrients. The butter is available in two varieties – the salted and unsalted. The salted 250g Oldenburger butter sells for between N1,200 - N1,500 while the unsalted variety cost about N3,200. The price is on the high-side, no doubt, but I make bold to say that it is the price paid for good taste + appetizing flavour.

Flora: I find it hard to leave this (Flora) butter out of this review…the reason is down to the nutrients and rich buttery taste every scoop delivers. It is made from vegetable oils sourced from Sunflower, linseed and rapeseed, and it is rich in vitamins A and E. It is available in different blends with each having varying mixture of ingredients. By the way, Flora used to be a Unilever brand before it was sold off to KKR. Based on my submission earlier; this is not supposed to make the cut as it is somewhat scarce to come by but for its richness I couldn't just leave it out. So, whenever you come across this buttery delight, you should not hesitate to lay your hand on it and savor the taste. The 500g pack of Flora cost about N3,300.

Summerfield county: To bring this review to a close, I shall take a look at a spread made wholly from plant-based ingredients. Summerfield is cholesterol-free and contains essential fat as well as some beneficial vitamins. The quality put into making the spread is simply top-notch and you will certainly love the taste. It is available in 500g pack which cost between N950 - N1,100.

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5 wonderful beach resorts in Nigeria
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Living life to the fullest does not just happen; we have got to work it out. This means finding a balance between work and rest. And what better way is there to do this than finding a place to relax and enjoy what nature has got in place for one. Talk about somewhere you can slip into and let the pressure of life struggles off your mind.
This is exactly why beach resorts are there for you and in the light of this, we shall be looking at five (5) amazing beach resorts we have around – in Nigeria.

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Abraka Beach Resort
Abraka Beach Resort is no doubt a wonder in the Niger. The resort is located along Agbor-Sapele road, in Abraka, Delta state, and it is right on the coastline of River Ethiope. The resort has got white sandy beach and the things you need to relax [there] as you sink into the tranquillity of its natural space. But should that not be enough, taking a cruise through the river or engaging in some sporting activities will ensure that you do not have a dull time-out on the beach.

Finima Beach Resort
Finima beach resort is situated on Bonny Island, Rivers State. It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, and it is a choice vacation spot for a host of pleasure seekers. The extensively stretched beach and the cool sea breeze on offer at this resort make it a place to spend a day out with your family.

Inagbe Beach Resort
This resort may not be a very popular one among folks but it is no pushover when considering excellent spots for relaxation in Lagos state – and even Nigeria as a whole. It is located on Inagbe Island, and it is just a 15-minute boat ride from Victoria Island. Besides the ‘goodies’ nature has to serve you while on this island, you will also get to utilize the classy amenities provided therein. There are accommodation spaces, swimming pool, spa among other exciting add-ons. Plus, security is well guaranteed at this very (relaxation) spot.

La Campagne Tropicana
The first thought that crosses the mind of many persons when Lagos is being talked about is a busy city [filled with commercial activities]. But there is more to Lagos than that, and a visit to an exotic resort like La Campagne Tropicana will let you in on what I mean. This resort is located at Ikegun, Ibeju-Lekki along Epe Expressway in Lagos. The facilities at La Campagne Tropicana are top-notch, and there are chalets available for anyone who desires to spend the night within this beautiful natural space as he/she beholds the sun setting over the Atlantic Ocean. A good zone for a couple to spend some time together.

Whispering Palms
All the way down to Badagry, Lagos state – in Iworo town to be precise – is a serene resort known to be surrounded with tremendous natural endowments, the Whispering Palms Resort. It lies on the lagoon, and it is encompassed by lush green vegetation. It provides a great getaway for those who desire to escape from routine ‘busyness’ of life. The cool, breezy atmosphere around this resort is second to none. There are also facilities as well as rooms available for vacationers’ use.

This is definitely not an exhausting list [of wonderful beach resorts] around the country; there are a whole lot more, and these, we hope to talk about in subsequent reviews.

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Do-It-Yourself Autocare


A smooth-running automobile can make your day as fulfilling as you might have imagined- barring any traffic congestion though. However, what would you make of having your car suddenly stop in the middle of the road while you are looking to meet up with an appointment? – Frustrating, I guess. I have seen [on a number of occasions] car owners/drivers become discomfited as their externally good looking cars just refused to move. But, as events are often preceded by a number of factors so does every problem developed by any car traceable to one or more component parts. And it is in the light of this that we shall be looking into some maintenance tips.

Taking care of your car’s engine
The engine being the ‘heart’ of an automobile requires a great deal of attention. First of all, you should make it a point of duty to check the oil at regular intervals; seeing to it that the oil level falls between the 2 notches on the dipstick- remember that your car has to be parked on a leveled surface in order to get accurate reading- and you should also change the oil when need be- oil that has become murky or dark overtime, is not good for the functioning of your car.

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Again, considering the possible accumulation of debris- which could be made to stick due to oil leaks- in some delicate parts of your car’s engine, it is advisable that you judiciously inspect the engine from time to time. Whenever you notice debris clogging up; you should make use of a soft cotton cloth and detergent [mixed in water] to degrease and properly clean up the engine [while it is cool]. Then, gently rinse off the lather and dry up the engine as much as you can with a towel. While cleaning up the engine, you should be careful with the cables in order not ruin your car’s electrical system.
Additionally, dirty air filters should be replaced with new ones, and you should always pay attention to the condition of the car’s drive belt. One more thing; never allow your car to run when the engine coolant is below the normal level to avoid overheating.

Spark plugs
A good spark plug is highly beneficial to your car’s health and also boosts fuel economy. On the contrary, a worn spark plug or one that has deposits on it, will not only make the fuel to burn relatively faster but could also affect the car’s acceleration and even make it to break down suddenly. So, you should give the spark plugs a check before hitting the road, and have it changed as at when due- in most cases, spark plugs are to be replaced after covering a mileage of about 48,000 kilometers or 30,000 miles.

Battery
Though there isn’t much to be done when it comes to battery maintenance but paying heed to little details is yet essential. You may need to check the battery’s terminals to ensure that they are not loose and also see if there is any mineral buildup around them. You should clean up the deposits [with wire brush] once you notice them. But you should always remember the golden rule when disconnecting the car’s battery: you should disconnect the negative terminal first and then the positive; the reverse is however the case when reconnecting- positive first and then negative.
You should use distilled water to top off the electrolyte should it fall short of the normal level. One more piece of advice: try as much as you can not to run your car’s electrical system while the engine is off- this will help to preserve the life of the battery.

Brake
To ensure that the braking system is functioning at optimal level; you should make sure the brake fluid is full, and that worn out brakes are replaced as soon as possible. When it is time to change the brake fluid, see to it that the recommended type is used.

That is how much we can go for now but it is important to leave you with this: that you are well informed about some DIY tips on car maintenance, does not mean you should not take the automobile [to an accredited or trusted auto-mechanic shop] for routine check- say once every 6 months.

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Teaching children how to engage in useful Discussions
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Discussion involves the exchange between people any given idea or topic. It can be formal or informal and can be in large groups or small groups.

It is an effective teaching technique which promote the sharing of information and it involves the student. One of the key ways to promote communication is through discussion.

How to use Discussion

You must be prepared to encourage and begin your discussion when appropriate . it is a way to take advantage of a teachable moment. Moment – interesting discussion which are unplanned may arise. Formal discussions requires some planning and possible informal discussion can be planned but the spontaneous discussion can be equally effective. The teacher will have to decide whether discussion take place in small groups or involve the whole class. The teacher should have a reason for utilizing discussion in the classroom.

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Checklist for Utilizing Meaningful Discussion

How will the discussion enhance the teaching experience of all students. What will be emphasized in terms of the discussion. The content of the discussion or both. How will students be evaluated. How will the teacher get all students to participate in the discussion. The teacher should make clear any rules the student will be required to show prior to the discussion. There must be a recorder for each group but if the whole class is to serve as a group, the teacher can act as an impartial recorder and record all the activities on the board. The teacher should encourage the participation of all students.

Things teachers must consider before creating a discussion.

Establish a stress free environment Establish or arrange their sitting positions in a way that they can have a eye contact Never encourage the idea that teachers is all knowing. You should as much as possible learn. Teachers must be supportive and refrain from dominating and discussion. Teacher should make research before the class. Decide which form of discussion is appropriate for the topic being discussed either formal, informal, large, small group discussion. The discussion must have purpose and focus. Consider the group dynamic, lay down the rules e.g. be considerate in the class, do not interrupt, do not insult, ignore the teacher or student, you encourage rather than discourage them. Make sure you put it in mind that one or two students may want to dominate the discussion.

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1000 tons of maize and soybean needed in Ikeja Lagos.
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Good day, I have 20 tonnes of maize available at Nassarawa state. Readily available for supply and delivery. Please contact: Sola Akinjayeju on 07054888676. Thank you

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The ever lurking dangers on Nigerian roads

Accidents are definitely not exclusive to Nigeria but something we get to see from time to time, are the incidences whereby little life-saving details are frequently ignored. About a week ago, a truck carrying planks fell off the bridge at Ojuelegba and just a couple of days back, a horrific inferno involving a petrol tanker and several other vehicles claiming many lives occurred the Ojodu-Berger axis. These are just a few among numerous mishaps that happen on Nigerian roads.
If one decides to take a stock of the number of accidents that have occurred in June alone, there is a high probability that the list will not come up short in any way. However, the objective of writing this piece is to minute on the lurking dangers that abound on our roads. When you take a look at the road and the ensuing traffic, it is rare not to see one or more telling sign(s) that point to imminent danger. From the recklessness of commercial bus drivers down to the error of judgment that could be exhibited by other road users and the flouting of traffic laws – not to even mention the existence of ‘road-unworthy’ vehicles plying the road, you will probably identify one thing or another pointing to disaster. And it is quite unfortunate that law enforcement agencies do not seem to have cue on how map out strategies that would help to bring a far-reaching solution to the issue.
Though I am not oblivious of the fact that some persons might have attributable the two terrifying occurrences I cited earlier to fate but the truth remains that those accidents could have been prevented had the law been enforced in the first instance – and on a consistent basis. Putting the petrol tanker into perspective; an eyewitness account has it that the driver of tanker was trying to avoid an on-rushing commercial bus that had previously parked [and dropped off a passenger] at an unaccredited bus-stop before the tanker hit a barrier and spilled its content (petrol) which eventually caused the blast. The exercise of drivers parking illegally to pick up or drop off is now commonplace on our roads today. Those (drivers) that are caught are, most of the times, left to get off the hook after the hand of the traffic regulatory official have received some ‘manna of doom’ – this, in itself, is a catalyst for disaster.
The truck that fell off Ojuelegba Bridge must have been due to overloading but it is really perplexing that the vehicle was not stopped from discontinuing the journey at any point in time. And what about the prevalence of having trucks with loose containers running up the road without being apprehended? – There is so much mess on the road that has got to be cleared, and it is important that those in the appropriate quarters squarely stand up to their responsibilities to ensure the safety of lives on the road.
What has become of the regulation regarding heavy-duty vehicles moving at night or the directive for them to stay off the bridge? How well has been enforced? Your guess is as good as mine – these (regulations) have been colossally ineffective thus far since those saddled with the responsibility do not appear to be up to the task.

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Price of kitchen sinks in Nigeria
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Below are the prices of kitchen sinks in Nigeria.

Kitchen Sink Double Tray Single Hole

Double Tray Single Hole Starting Price - N20,000

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Double Tray Single Hole last Price - N20,000
Portable Basin or Cabinet Basin

Portable Basin or Cabinet Basin Price - N7,000

Location of Research: Iyana Ipaja Lagos

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Zuckerberg plans to integrate WhatsApp, Instagram and Facebook Messenger
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Chief Executive Officer Mark Zuckerberg is planning to unify the underlying messaging infrastructure of its WhatsApp, Instagram and Facebook Messenger services and incorporate end-to-end encryption to these apps, the New York Times reported on Friday.

The three services will, however, continue as stand alone apps, the report said, citing four people involved in the effort.

The company is still in the early stages of the work and plans to complete it by the end of this year or in early 2020, the report said.

Facebook did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

After the changes, a Facebook user, for instance, will be able send an encrypted message to someone who has only a WhatsApp account, according to the report.

End-to-end encryption protects messages from being viewed by anyone except the participants in the conversation.

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How to determine Caller ID Mobile Number in Nigeria
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With the advent of GSM in Nigeria, the market has been expanding tremendously with so many value added services coming on board. As the subscriber base grew, so also network providers.

At the onset of this telecom boom, Nigerians quickly adapted to recognising the network providers by the mobile numbers. It was easy, since we were taught that to identify a mobile network provider, simply look at the first 4 characters of the caller ID number.

This was captured with prefixes as follows:-

MTN - 0803

Glo - 0805

Zain, Airtel, Econet - 0802

In fact, my first number was a Globacom line, and it started with 0805, followed by an Airtel line which was prefixed as 0802. Things have greatly changed and this telecom providers have so far expanded and the Nigerian Communications Commission gave further mobile number prefixes to the telecom providers which still retained the first allocations.

Below is a list of mobile number telecom prefixes for major telecom providers in Nigeria.

0701 ---- Airtel Nigeria
0702 ---- Smile
07025 ---- Visafone
07026 ---- Visafone
07027 ---- Multi-Links
07028 ---- Starcomms
07029 ---- Starcomms
0703 ---- MTN Nigeria
0704 ---- Visafone
0705 ---- Globacom
0706 ---- MTN Nigeria
0707 ---- ZoomMobile (formerly Reltel)
0708 ---- Airtel Nigeria
0709 ---- Multi-Links
0802 ---- Airtel Nigeria
0803 ---- MTN Nigeria
0804 ---- Ntel
0805 ---- Globacom
0806 ---- MTN Nigeria
0807 ---- Globacom
0808 ---- Airtel Nigeria
0809 ---- 9mobile
0810 ---- MTN Nigeria
0811 ---- Globacom
0812 ---- Airtel Nigeria
0813 ---- MTN Nigeria
0814 ---- MTN Nigeria
0815 ---- Globacom
0816 ---- MTN Nigeria
0817 ---- 9mobile
0818 ---- 9mobile
0819 ---- Starcomms
0909 ---- 9mobile
0908 ---- 9mobile
0902 ---- Airtel Nigeria
0903 ---- MTN Nigeria
0905 ---- Globacom
0906 ---- MTN Nigeria
0907 ---- Airtel Nigeria

So any time you get a caller id with any of the above prefixes, you should be able to identify the network provider.

Additional information can be gotten from NCC.

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Bible Emergency Numbers
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"And he said, My presence shall go with thee, and i will give thee rest" (Exodus 33 v 14)

When in Sorrow, .......................................... call John 14
When Men fail you, ..................................... call Psalm 27
When you have sinned, ............................ call Psalm 51
When you are in danger, .......................... call Psalm 91
When you worry, .......................... call Mathew 6 v 19-24
When God seems far away, .......................... call Psalm 139

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When your Faith needs strength, .......................... call Hebrews 11
When you are lonely and fearful, .......................... call Psalm 23
When you grow bitter and critical, .......................... call 1 Cor. 13
When you feel down and out, .......................... call Romans 8 v 31-39
When you want peace and rest, .......................... call Mathew 11 v 25-30
When you want Christian assurance, .......................... call Romans 8 v 1-30
When you leave home for work or travel, .......................... call Psalm 121
When your prayer grows narrow or selfish, .......................... call Psalm 67
When you want courage for a task, .......................... call Joshua 1
When you think investment/returns, .......................... call Mark 10
How to get invention/opportunity, .......................... call Isaiah 55
For secret to happiness, .......................... call Col. 3 v 12-17
For idea of Christianity, .......................... call 1 Cor 5 v 15-19
If you are depressed, .......................... call Psalm 27
If yiu want to be fruitful, .......................... call John 15
If you are losing confidence, .......................... call 1 Cor 13
If people seem unkind, .......................... call John 15

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How old are you? How much have you aged?
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The topic of this article might have triggered some elements of surprise especially when you consider the fact that, on the other side it’s someone you barely know asking to know your age. But before you draw your conclusion, I implore you to take few minutes – 4-5 minutes should do – to have a grasp of what this is about.

Though it is often said that ‘age is nothing but number' but there are yet a couple of things that could tell the story beyond that number. It is in this view that the terms such as ‘biological age’ and ‘chronological age’ are distinctively used to differentiate and/or speak volume of the changes that had occurred right from our stay in the cradle to this very moment.

While chronological reflects the number of years you have already spent on earth, biological age communicates something much more significant and this often gives an insight on the physiological status of the body. Ever wondered why some persons look older than they really are while others, even without any form of cosmetic manipulation, remain trim, sharp and may be ‘forever young’; it's all down to the biological age which can be affected by certain factors.

Besides, the decline in the physiological status that may accompany aging; there are an ample of phenotypic traits that could yet indicate the rate at which one is aging biologically. For instance, the onset of baldness and wrinkling of skin in one’s twenties could serve as markers for premature aging. However, it has to be stated that greying of hair within such age-range does not necessarily signify premature aging.

Factors influencing the aging process
It is a known fact that not all individuals age at the same rate even in circumstances whereby they share the same chronological age. There are a host of factors that affect the way a person ages in one way or another. Some of these factors are hereby discussed:

Diet: Dietary plan has so much importance in the way we age – whether poorly or in a healthy manner. So important is our diet that nutritionists have chosen to embrace the saying that “you are what you eat”. Sugary foods, as well as fruits that have high fat content – especially low-density lipoproteins (LDL) cholesterol – and junk foods are reported to speed up the aging process. Plus, these foods are known to increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases and also promote the generation of free radicals. By the way, free radicals are capable of damaging the cells thus bringing about metabolic dysfunction. It is in fighting the negative effect of such food that dietary intake of meals rich in antioxidants, proteins, vitamins and minerals becomes highly recommended.

Stress: A life of stress is bound to age prematurely. Stress further adds to the free radical load which eventually has detrimental effect on one’s body. The skin wrinkles faster, productivity slows down and in no distant time, one may be looking old even while his/her chronological age reads thirty-something. So, rather than you soaking up the stress, you should learn to make out time to ease off probably by visiting a spa, meditating or just rest without having to burden yourself with the ‘things of the world’.

Exposure to excessive UV radiation: You may have heard that the sun is good for the health of the skin since Vitamin D is made available for use but too much of it is in no wise advisable. Staying in the sun unprotected for prolonged period of time will have a damaging effect on your skin. The sun is however not the only source of radiation that can be deleterious to the cells and DNA; devices such as microwave oven, mobile phones, Bluetooth, TV and so on also give off some degree of radiation that may be injurious to an individual in the long run. If you have been victimized by the sun as it regards premature aging, you should consider using some sort of protection as from now on. You can use sunblock cream and stay off the sun-tanning routine if you are one heck of a freak at it.

Also, for their significance in collagen production, foods that are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids, green vegetables and fruits such as carrots oranges grapefruit and strawberry are good for the health of the skin. Again, it is important that one prevents dehydration by taking water regularly.

Lifestyle: On the whole, the way each and everyone of us lives his or her life goes a long way to reflect in the biological age sooner or later in life. Moreover, no law is against one living longer in sound health of mind and body. However, a sedentary lifestyle will not only make one age faster but also caused the loss of certain physiological function early in life.

Furthermore, alcohol intake and cigarette smoking are two dangerous acts that can lead to premature aging. I can vividly recall how cigarette commercial always come with the rider that “…smokers are liable to die young”. I have however come to realize that what they were saying in essence was that smokers are predisposed to accelerated aging. Imagine someone in his or her thirties having to depend on a pair of lungs looking aged like that of an elderly. The probability of survival/longevity decreases with every stick of cigarette ‘burned’ and this could also apply to the alcoholics.

In conclusion; it is quite impossible to control your chronological age but you can do something about your biological age. This, you can do by living right...maintaining an active mind, doing exercises religiously and avoiding those junk foods while eating right then you can boldly show the world that age is nothing but number.

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Review of Bitcoin Exchanges
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You might have heard of Bitcoin and the business that have evolved out of it. Owing to this, your interest in the business has been aroused and you will like to give it a try but then you do not know how you can get your own Bitcoin. This is where this write-up become valuable. Before I proceed, I will like drop this: though you might have had people introduce the business to you in person, the buying of Bitcoin remains an online transaction. This is understandable by the virtue of the fact that the item is an e-currency. However, you can definitely get to link up with a few trusted companies who have been in the business of buying and selling Bitcoin for a while.

Bitdelia
Bitdelia is one of the most trusted exchange platforms where you can buy and sell cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum and Litecoin. The company, through its user-friendly website presents customers with an avenue to seamlessly carry out transactions without having to worry about safety. Security is shored up by the integration of Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) technology and cryptocurrency traders [on the platform] are provided with multi-sig encrypted wallets. Plus, trading on the website takes only few minutes to be completed. There is also aa highly responsive live support available to cater to customers’ enquiries and/or complaints.

BitPesa
BitPesa was founded in 2013, and its headquarters is in Kenya. This platform operates in seven (7) different African countries, Nigeria inclusive. On this exchange platform, customers can buy and sell Bitcoin at considerably low rates, and the medium is yet very convenient and fast to use. Visit www.bitpesa.co/# to find out more.

Coindirect
Coindirect scores high in terms of reach and the number of cryptocurrencies that can be traded – it is possible to buy and sell 43 different cryptocurrencies on this platform; these definitely include Bitcoin. Coindirect could be said to be a pacesetter when it comes to providing exchange services and making available the right peer-to-peer trading system for anyone who desires to go into the business. Again, Coindirect is among the few that have developed mobile app for the use of its customers.

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Luno
Here is another cryptocurrency trading company with global presence. People can buy Bitcoin and Ethereum through this platform using local currency. And as with other top trading platforms, it has a highly secure and user-friendly website in place for customers to do transactions. Luno has got the right mix of technology and expertise to help you have a hassle-free (trading) experience. It also provides wallets for storing cryptocurrencies, and Luno’s mobile app is operable on iOS and Android operating system. Go to www.luno.com for more information

NaiaraEx
NairaEx is a trading company established by Nigerians for the Nigerian residents. Apart from Bitcoin, you can trade Ethereum, Litecoin and Bitcoin cash on the platform. With a strong distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) protection, NairaEx ensures that activities/transactions are done under a secure network. Again, the speed of doing business as well as the responsiveness of the customer support is quite impressive.

Remitano
Remitano ticks all the right boxes when discussing about the best exchange platforms around. It has presence in more than 50 countries with a vibrant customer base in excess of 1.5 million persons. The company offers top class services which makes it difficult to see negative remarks in reviews on Remitano. While the trading of six different cryptocurrencies is feasible through its platform; storage (wallet) is only available for Bitcoin. To ensure the convenience and satisfaction of its customers, Remitano has set up a very responsive live chat support, and mobile app is in place for iOS and Android device users. Visit https://remitano.com/btc/ng

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Under what conditions can a person be stripped of citizenship in Nigeria?
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To the ‘son of the soil’, the incident of being deprived of his Nigerian citizenship might not even have crossed the mind for a second throughout his sojourn – why should he be bothered? However, for those who became citizens through naturalization, questions bordering on deprivation of citizenship is one that cannot be overlooked.

Nigeria is a hospitable place, and there is definitely nothing wrong with holding dual citizenship. But then what can make an individual lose a right he/she has spent years to gain? The reasons are basically hinged on ethical grounds whereby a naturalized citizen had failed on certain moral standards and/or showed disloyalty to the state to which he/she had sworn allegiance.

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Section 30 subsection 1 states thus: The president may deprive a person, other than a person who is a citizen of Nigeria by birth or by registration, of his citizenship, if he is that such a person has within a period of seven years after becoming naturalised, been sentenced to imprisonment for a term of not less than three years.

Subsection 2, part a the person has shown himself by act or speech to be disloyal towards the Federal Republic of Nigeria; or

Subsection 2: The president shall deprive a person, other than a person who is citizen of Nigeria by birth, of his citizenship, if he is satisfied from the records of proceedings of a court of law or other tribunal or after due inquiry in accordance with regulations made by him, that:

Subsection 2, part b the person has, during any war in which Nigeria was engaged, unlawfully traded with the enemy or been engaged in or associated with any business that was in the opinion of the president carried on in such a manner as to assist the enemy of Nigeria in that war, or unlawfully communicated with such enemy to the detriment of or with intent to cause damage to the interest of Nigeria.

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Opinion: Fallout from the 2019 Presidential/NASS Elections
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As the curtain draws close on the 2019 Presidential/NASS elections with congratulatory messages raining in on the winners and losers being urged to be magnanimous in defeat, we will like to take a look at some of the highlights of the just concluded elections. So, here are six (5) things we learnt from the exercise:

Low participation
One thing that was obvious across board was the low turn-outs of registered voters at different polling stations. It is estimated that, barring the voters who were disenfranchised in one way or the other, about 35% of the 84,004,084 registered voters participated in the election. This means that less than half of the electorate partook in a process that eventually determined the political destiny of a nation as vast as ours. Well, retrospectively, one cannot but consider that the sudden last-minute rescheduling of the election [from February 16 to February 23] could have taken its toil on the response of the electorate. Nonetheless, there is no ruling out the fact that a host of legible voters seemed to be disinterested in partaking in the process as they did not have faith in any of the top aspirants thus choosing to tread the path of abstinence. At the end, the February 23 Presidential/NASS election was greeted by poor turn-out.

The third force that never was
The likes of Omoyele Sowore, Kingsley Moghalu, Fela Durotoye and some others did their bit – or may be gave their best shot – but it was never going to be enough. We all knew beforehand that each of them will not be able to stand up to the crowd-pulling capability of the top two (political parties/presidential aspirants) but they deserve some commendation for staying in the race to the very end. And though we may not know the impact their collaborative effort might have generated but it was certain that, some Nigerians would have very much appreciated the existence of a third force that is capable of shaking the political landscape for the emergence of a new Nigeria – the third force was just a daydream at the end.
That said, I do not think we have to wait for years to see that third force. As the saying goes, “the journey of a thousand mile begins with a single (purposeful) step”; these individuals have started something and now is not the time for them to hole up. They have got to make attempts to remain relevant in Nigeria’s political schematics; becoming notable and constructive oppositions [through their party platforms] with an overarching objective of contributing to nation-building. More so, they got to devote time, effort and resources towards the advancement of politics at the grass-root level. Having a third force [that is well-founded and proactive] could be essential in ensuring that we do not towards becoming a one-party state especially at the centre.

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Democracy under siege?
Democracy avails the citizens of a nation the opportunity to choose their leaders without any impedance. As such, it is imperative that the necessary machinery be set in place to ensure that people freely express their opinions through the vote they cast without nursing fears. However, seeing people scampering about for safety as they were faced with threats while at the polling unit coupled with the burning of sensitive electoral materials and hearing of the discrepancies that trailed the past electoral exercise does auger ill for our democracy – there is an attack on the democratic process. Plus, I wonder if the obsessive power mongers – the political desperadoes – will ever embrace the tenet of fair play as we often see in the game of football.

The Northern and Southern divide
The presidential election showed us that Nigerians are highly divided along ethnic lines even when it comes to issues of national development. While the top two presidential aspirants are of northern origin, their running mates came from different geographical zones, and one could see [from the voting trend] that this played a part in swaying voters. But this is not to say that there were no few remnants who were out to vote for national development. However, it has to be stressed that there is a need for Nigerians to look beyond ethnicity in such a matter like deciding who takes over the mantle of leadership. National development is only going to be possible if we, as a people, stand together in unison – maintaining a good bond – to speak against the ills of our leaders as we chart the course for a new Nigeria.

Upset is possible in the Nigerian political space
We have also seen some upsets in the just concluded election. The major talking point is, of course, about the Senate President, Dr. Bukola Saraki who lost his constituency’s mandate, having been upstaged by a certain Dr. Ibrahim Oloriegbe of the All Progressives Congress (APC). Another one (upset) is Governor Abiola Ajimobi’s loss to Mr. Bolaji Tunji while vying for the Oyo South Senatorial District seat. Also, the likes of senators George Akume, Godswill Akpabio and Andy Ubah were taken to the cleaners in their bid to claim a seat in the 9th Senate. Looking at the other side of the coin, that these top politicians failed in their ambition goes to show the people’s need for a change. The people might have succeeded in passing a message that performance trumps personality/name to these veteran political stakeholders. Additionally, I feel the umpire (that is, INEC) deserves some commendation for allowing event follow due course in this respect.

The Presidential/NASS election might have come and gone but with the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) presidential candidate, Alhaji Atiku Abubakar rejecting the results, most recently tabling his demands to the Abdulsalami led peace committee and looking to go to the tribunal, more drama could unfold in the days ahead. In the meantime, it is hoped that, with President Muhammadu Buhari retaining the seat of power, the next level promised will be an all-inclusive nation-building [and nation-bonding] drive that put the interest of the masses first above other sentiments.

Note: These are the personal opinions of the Writer.

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NFF Crisis and FIFA’s dangling hammer
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For some weeks now, the dust over the power tussle in the Nigeria Football Federation has been unsettled as a ruling from a civil court was given preference over FIFA statutory regulation – one that has definitely not gone down well with the world’s football governing body. At the frontline of the struggle is Chris Giwa who is having the backing of the Minister of Youth and Sports, Solomon Dalung – albeit under the guise of respecting court order. With the forceful removal of Amaju Pinnick – who is recognized as NFF president by the Federation of International Football Association – from office, Nigeria football administration has once again been brought under the scrutiny of the disciplinary committee of FIFA, and as such, there have been concerns about an impending ban on Nigeria [as it relates to football].

Chris Giwa is one who is not a stranger to controversies. Back in 2014, he was elected president of the Nigeria Football Federation in an election that was not acknowledged by FIFA but has since been defiant in assuming the position on the basis of that result. In 2016, he was banned by the NFF for seeking redress at a civil court, and the ban was ultimately extended by the Confederation of African Football (CAF) and FIFA. So, the question goes that why should the Sports Minister be so much concern about having someone who is on a five-year ban at the helm of affairs? Well, the Minister will probably submit that he is acting in consonance with the orders of the Supreme Court and will not want to go to jail. But then how shall we lose consciousness of the fact the he (the Minister) is a friend to Chris Giwa and has not been in good terms with Amaju Pinnick? I would not know if Mr. Giwa really has any decorum in this respect considering that he is seeking to take charge of an office that is directly affiliated to a body that has frozen out [of football matters] prior to this moment. What sort of relationship is he hoping to enjoy with FIFA? And how will his administration drive the cause for credible development in the nation’s football with FIFA’s hammer hitting the head? It is quite clear to see Chris Giwa is fighting a lost cause – safe you wish to shame the truth.

The event (that is, the NFF crisis) has certainly shown the ugly side of some individuals as well as the judiciary system. There is no denying the fact that the Minister of Sports deserves some stick for the role he has played thus far but the judiciary cannot be left out of this mess either. Should the civil court not have known that the case involving football administration is not her responsibility? The case ought to have been referred to the Court of Arbitration for Sports in the first instance. Moreover, by hearing from one side and passing judgment [and ruling in its favor] thereby, the court showed biasness even as it did
not serve any paper on the Amaju Pinnick’s camp.

Again, it is really disappointing to see Chief Festus Adegboye Onigbinde being nonchalant about what the impending ban could spell for the nation’s football teams and players. It is hard to imagine that the Falconets could have their dream of playing at the U-20 world cup truncated should FIFA eventually ban Nigeria from football activities. Likewise, the Flying Eagles’ participation at the African U-20 Nations Cup, intercontinental club competitions for Nigerian clubs as well as the transfer of Nigerian players abroad will also be jeopardized. But all this seems not to matter an administrator in the caliber of Chief Onigbinde – not good enough, I must say. And while erstwhile Enugu state commissioner for sports, Barrister Ray Nnaji may not see FIFA banning Nigeria, it is important to remind ourselves that FIFA is not governed by Nigerian laws and will not watch things done in a way that contradicts the statutory order without taking punitive measures sooner or later.

It is just as simple as it is; if the Sports Minister along with Chris Giwa are not ready to abide by the rule as stipulated by the governing body [of football administration] then Nigeria definitely has no business competing among the comity of nations. It is however not right for a couple of individuals to ground football development in the country just because of their own self ambition. It is not possible for progress to be made in a state of illegality and/or disorderliness and the sooner the Barrister Dalung realizes this, the better for our football.

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N-Power Beneficiaries to Increase to 500,000 by August 1st 2018
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The Muhammadu Buhari administration has concluded arrangements to deploy 300,000 new beneficiaries in the second batch of its N-Power Volunteers Corp. The deployment will be effective from 1st August.

With 200,000 beneficiaries currently benefitting from the programme, this means that by August, 500,000 unemployed Nigerian graduates will be beneficiaries of the scheme, which is a crucial part of the administration’s National Social Investment Programmes (N-SIP).

The N-Power Volunteer Corp scheme is designed to benefit all Nigerians irrespective of their backgrounds and is currently in the 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), according to Laolu Akande, Senior Special Assistant to the President, Media and Publicity.

“President Muhammadu Buhari made it clear that the SIP would be a major programme of the administration because he was concerned about poverty and unemployment,” Vice President Yemi Osinbajo once said.

In conjunction with all State N-Power partners, the new beneficiaries will be promptly deployed to their assigned Primary Places of Assignment (PPA) on or before the said date.

The final selection lists broken down in States/Local Government Area (LGA) for each of the (3) N-Power component would be circulated to all focal persons in the states and FCT by July 20, 2018.

All successfully deployed N-Power beneficiaries in the second batch will be engaged for two-years starting from August 1, 2018 to July 31, 2020.

In order to qualify for their first monthly payment stipend of N30,000 by August 31, 2018, all deployed volunteers are expected to upload on their N-Power portal page their stamped and signed confirmation of resumption on or before Friday, August 10, 2018.

Through the N-Power scheme, hundreds of thousands of young, unemployed Nigerian graduates have been empowered through training and skills acquisition in different areas of public services, including education (N-Teach), health (N-Health), agriculture (N-Agro), and building/construction (N-Build).

Each N-Power beneficiary learns entrepreneurial skills to enable him become a business person and become a professional on his own, while beneficiaries are given electronic devices to enhance their work and paid a N30,000 monthly.

State-based N-Power partners comprise, but are not limited to the following: N-Teach – State Universal Board for Education (SUBEB); State & Local Government Area (LGA) Offices for Adult Education Centres; State & LGA Offices for Nomadic Education; N-Agro – State & LGA Offices for Agriculture Development Programme (ADP); and N-Health – State & LGA Offices for Primary Health Care Board.

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Davido hits 10m followers on Instagram
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Award winning musician, David Adedeji Adeleke , a.k.a Davido has hit 10 million followers on Instagram.

Instagram is a social networking application that enables users capture, share and edit photos, videos and messages with friends in a creative way.

The ”FIA” crooner thus became the first Nigerian artist to achieve such feat.

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that the DMW boss took to his official instagram account to celebrate this achievement and said that he would ”post every win for everyone to see.”

The 26-year-old artist had set such record of firsts previously.

He was the first Nigerian artist to reach 1 million, 2 million , 5 million and 9 million followers on Instagram.

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His 2017 hit song, ”Fall” became the first Nigerian music video to hit 100 million views on YouTube.

The Daps-directed video had made Nigerian YouTube history as the most -viewed Nigerian music in recent times.

Also, his song, ‘Wonder Woman’ was listed as one of the hottest tracks from across the African continent by Apple Music.

Another Nigerian artist with a large fan base on social media is Wizkid, with 7.2 million followers.

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Parties to a Civil Action
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Why are parties to an action important?

Whatever judgement the court gives must be binding on the parties in court.

If the proper parties are not before the court, the matter will be struck out.

The time of the court and that of the client will be wasted and costs will be borne.

Capacity to sue and be sued

In any cause of action, after determining the nature of action, jurisdiction of court and proper advice on ADR mechanism, the next thought should be the likely parties to an action. Parties to an action is important because a court can only resolve a dispute if the right parties are before it. Once relevance of parties is not determined, it goes to the root of the matter. Again, any claim if successful must be against another party and such party must be the person who claims can be recovered from. There are usually two parties in a civil action, the party who is claiming and the party who is being claimed against.

A party cannot be both plaintiff and defendant in the same action at the same time. See UDE v. NWANGWU (1995) 9 SCNJ 41.

Who can sue and be sued
For the action to be competent, both parties must be legal persons (whether natural or juristic). If the competence of the plaintiff/claimant is challenged, the onus is on him to establish his competence as lack of competence on the part of the plaintiff/claimant will lead to the action being struck out. In SHITTA & ORS v. LIGALI & ORS the plaintiffs described themselves as ‘the executive community of the central mosque, Lagos and the court held that the committee had no capacity to sue. However in Adegbite & ors v Lawal & ors, the plaintiffs sued ‘for themselves and on behalf of the Muslim community of Ijebu-Ode central mosque and the court held that they were natural persons.

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Thus, non-existent persons cannot sue or be sued. If the defendant is not a legal person, the matter will be struck out for it is incompetent. See AGBOMAGBE BANK v. GENERAL MANAGER, G.B. Ollivant. .However, by Order 13 r 5 Lagos (no provision in Abuja), where an action has been instituted against a wrong defendant or where the name of the defendant has been incorrectly stated, a judge may upon application, order a substitution or addition of any person as defendant or correction of any such name on such terms as may be just.

However, in the case of a misnomer, the position of the law is that upon an application, the writ and other court process will be amended to bear the correct name.

OKECHUKWU & SONS v. NDAH. By Order 10 r 2 Abuja and Order 13 r 2 Lagos, where an action was commenced in the name of a wrong person as plaintiff/claimant or where it is doubtful whether it was commenced in the name of the right plaintiff/claimant, a court or judge in chambers (for Abuja) or a Judge (for Lagos), may order the substitution or addition of any other person as plaintiff/claimant on such terms as may be just.. In Abuja, before making the order, the court or judge in chambers must be satisfied that it was as a result of a bona fide mistake and that the order is necessary for the determination of the real matter in dispute. See also SO SAFE TABLE WATER TECHNOLOGIES LTD V AYINOLUWA.

Effect of failure to include a person who ought to be made a party is that he will not be bound by the decision in that suit. See OKOMU OIL PALM v. ISERHIENHEN

Types of parties

There are different types of parties to a civil action

PROPER PARTIES: A proper party has no interest in the case, but he is joined because of the particular role he played which led to the cause of action. The judgement of the court will not affect him.. See GREEN v. GREEN (1987) 3 NWLR (Pt. 61) 480.

NECESSARY PARTIES: These are persons who are interested in subject matter and in whose absence, the proceeding cannot be fairly dealt with. See GREEN v. GREEN (1987) 3 NWLR (Pt. 61) 480. Thus, a necessary party is a party whose presence is necessary for the just, effectual and complete determination of all the issues in the action. See COL. HASSAN YAKUBU (RTD) v. GOVERNOR, KOGI STATE & ORS (1995) 9 SCNJ 122; Peenok Investment Ltd v. Hotel Presidential; UNION BEVERAGES LTD v. PEPSI COLA INTL LTD. When an agent acts on behalf of a disclosed principal, the PRINCIPAL is a necessary party. In all actions, necessary parties are used except where the law specifies a nominal party.

DESIRABLE PARTIES: A desirable party is one who is not originally a party to the action nor whose presence is necessary for the just, effectual and complete determination of the action, but nevertheless, needs to be a party so that he will be bound by the decision in the case since the decision may directly affect him. See GREEN v. GREEN (1987) 3 NWLR (Pt. 61) 480; COL. HASSAN YAKUBU (RTD) v. GOVERNOR, KOGI STATE & ORS (1995) 9 SCNJ 122. Note that the AGENT of a disclosed principal is a desirable party. Peenok investment v Hotel Presidential.

NOMINAL PARTIES: these are parties who are not really involved in the set of facts constituting the cause of action, but are made parties to the suit by virtue of the office they hold or occupy. See PADAWA v. JATAU (2003) 5 NWLR (Pt. 813) 249. For example, in actions involving the federal government or the government of a state, the AG of the federation or of the state respectively is the nominal party, see section 20 Supreme Court Act; in actions involving the House of Assembly of a State, the nominal party is the Speaker of the House, see section 3 of SC (AOJ) Act Cap S16 LFN 2004; in an action for passing off, the CAC is a nominal party; in Magistrate Courts, the Commissioner of Police is a nominal party for the state.

However in a case where the principal parties sue or are sued instead of the nominal parties, it would only amount to an irregularity. See PLATEAU STATE v. AG FEDERATION (2006) 3 NWLR (Pt. 967) 346

Reconciling locus standi with constitution of parties to an action.

The concept of locus standi is that only a person who has interest in a subject matter is competent to bring an action. A busy body cannot institute an action. Locus standi is only relevant to a plaintiff thus a plaintiff – person claiming must have interest in the subject matter of the suit.

How parties are designated

Writs of summons – Plaintiff (but called Claimant in Lagos)/Defendant

Originating summons – Plaintiff (or Claimant)/Respondent

Petition – Petitioner/Respondent

Originating motions-Applicant/respondent

The same person can be both a plaintiff and defendant (in case of counter-claim) in the same matter; also an applicant and respondent. Parties are usually set out after the heading of the court, suit number.

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The state of the roads in Nigeria

‘Deplorable’ is the word that readily comes to mind when one considers the state of some of the roads motorists ply on daily basis. The word may even be an understatement on sighting the level of structural degradations on these roads. These degradations- which are usually accelerated or made more profound during rainy seasons- have left some of these roads in a state of abandonment thus making a shipwreck of a route that is meant to benefit the masses. This, in effect, results in traffic congestion on certain routes as motorists are limited to the pliable routes that there are. And in situations where the damages are repaired, they are sometimes finished to a substandard quality and it takes only a few years- or months- before the roads give way again.
More disheartening is the fact that some of these bad roads have led to multiple accidents and loss of lives and it remains to be seen how long these wastes [of lives and resources] will go on for as those saddled with the responsibility of putting things right turn blind eye. The Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) identified bad roads as one of the three (3) causes of accidents on Nigerian roads- the others being ‘error of judgment’ and disregard for traffic regulations.

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But things could have been better
About 10 years ago, I remember seeing dignitaries making their way to a conference centre around the Faculty of Engineering in the University of Lagos. After probing to know what was up in the air, I realized that an erudite scholar in person of Professor Ebenezer Meshida, has done something laudable in seeking a way to ensure the stabilization of the roads in Nigeria. In layman’s term as I understood then, his finding- or shall I say product- is such that will not make soil to dissolve in water. I later got to know that the product is called ‘Lateralite’. Further check on Professor Meshida showed that he had been carrying out his research on Nigerian roads for over twenty-five (25) years as at then; having put a particular route- which was said to have lasted over 100 years- in the UK into consideration.
What is however puzzling is the manner with which some of the politicians [in office then] whom he (Prof. Meshida) had met on the need to incorporate Lateralite into the roads, made light of the suggestion. The reason for that- as you might have guessed- was based on protecting their selfish interest.
Years have rolled by, and the state of our roads has rarely been improved upon; notwithstanding, we keep hearing of recurring expenses on infrastructural developments- of which the construction and maintenance of roads are major aspects- that do not stand the test of time.
Professor Meshida eventually got a consolation for his efforts by winning the Nigeria Liquefied Natural Gas (NLNG) Prize for Science in 2008 but I sternly believe that the Professor of Engineering Geology would have taken more pride in seeing that the roads around the country are devoid of any dent or structural collapse thereby making the destabilization of our roads a thing of the past.
It is obvious that the continual existence of bad and/or degrading roads is not because of the lack of resources or manpower [to do a perfect job on them] but rather due to the failure and/or short-sightedness of some persons- who are meant to put the masses first- to do what is right.

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Safety tips for usage of cooking gas for the home
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The use of liquified petroleum gas for cooking at home is currently very rampant that it is now hard to come across a household without one. This increased embrace of cooking gas has seen the proliferation of refilling stations around the nation. The major reason for the shift may not be unconnected to the rapidity with which food is cooked on the gas cylinder. Plus, some persons see it as being easy to set up; and for the fact that generation of smoke is not a reality as one may experience with some other means of cooking.

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However, while the use of gas may come with a number of benefits, it is far from being the safest method of cooking. In the past years, we have heard of numerous reports of gas-related accidents in the home. Most of these incidents have led to the death of some persons and in cases where such fatality was not recorded, victims were often left to nurse varying degree of injuries – especially burns. The truth is that most of these accidents could have been prevented if certain precautionary measures had been taken. But a lot of persons do not even know some vital details that can be helpful in saving the day and avoiding gas-related accidents. This is why we have elected to share a few safety tips [about the use of cooking gas] with you in this article.

Avoid using a defective/bad gas cylinder: Do not try to ‘manage’ a gas cylinder that is having any fault on it – whether leaks or malfunctioning components. You should resort to other cooking apparatus while making attempt to replace the bad cylinder. Also, it is important that you always purchase the cylinder from a trusted dealer. Do not use any artificial source of illumination in the event of gas leakage. Avoid using illumination sources such as flashlight, candles, light bulbs and so on to check for the leakage of gas. It is also important that you do not turn on or turn off any electric switch whenever you suspect leaks. In short, do not subscribe to using anything that can create spark. Instead, open your windows and allow the gas [that must have filled the room upon leaking] to dissipate before turning on the lights. Avoid shaking the gas cylinder. A good number of persons are used to shaking gas cylinders to see if there’s any gas left. You should however desist from such act to prevent explosion. Whether you have got a good cylinder or not, it’s best to stay on the safe side and leave the gas undisturbed. Rather than shaking, just pour water on the side of the cylinder and use your palm to feel it. As you move your palm through the side of the cylinder, you get to feel the cool part if there’s any gas left – if not the temperature will remain somewhat constant all the way down. Keep a fire extinguisher close by. The need for a fire extinguisher is usually overlooked in the home. However, it is advisable to have one around in order to quell the danger in case of fire outbreak. And if you cannot afford one (fire extinguisher), you should endeavour to get a bucket of sand within reach. The sand can help [a great deal] to snuff out the flame in the event of things going awry.

The remaining (bonus) tips are that you should always monitor your cooking; do not ask a child [that is yet to come of age] to operate the gas cooker and always make sure that you turn off the gas when you are done with the cooking. Finally… always think safety first and live to enjoy your meal in good time.

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Cooking competitions to look forward to in 2019
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To some persons; cooking is just another arduous exercise that they would wish to avoid but the need to munch on something will however see them reluctantly going into the kitchen. On the other hand, to some others, cooking is nothing but fun; an activity they will always love to engage with great passion.

These ones have the skill to turn meal into a delicacy; leaving everyone’s palate eagerly anticipating the savoury taste of the food so prepared. They have got the magic touch to make the spoon go whithersoever they wish, and whatever method of cooking – poaching, blanching, stewing, steaming, grilling and so on – there is, is never alien to them.

So, if you are one of this gifted few, you may be interested in showcasing your (coking) talent to the world away from your kitchen space and home. And it is for your sake that we have put this article together about a couple of cooking competitions where you can display your culinary skill.

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Knorr Taste Quest: With cash rewards going into millions of naira and other huge prizes, Knorr Taste Quest can be said to be the highest rewarding cooking competition in the nation. It is set up in form of a TV reality show which usually starts around the middle of the year, and runs for several weeks culminating in the eventual emergence of a winner. Having started back in 2013, the sixth edition of the competition should start airing on TV stations in no distant time. As such, individuals who are interested in participating in this year’s edition can look forward to submit their application via knorrtastequest.com portal in due time. Onga Cooking Competitions: Onga is another seasoning brand that has consistently organised various cooking competitions year in year out. There have been a number of competitions across different settings – market places, schools and so on. With the Onga4bae which was in commemoration of Valentine’s day celebration already gone by, food lovers hoping to show their cookery expertise can look forward to other avenues that would be presented by the brand in the course of the year. The Onga National Campus Cooking Competition which could be held in specific tertiary institutions is one of such.

Bonus

Fiesta of Flavours: Though Fiesta of Flavours is not an out-and-out cooking competition, it does hold some opportunities for couples and kids who desire to let the world have a feel or sight of their gastronomic tendencies. The next edition of Fiesta of Flavours will come up sometimes in September. By the way, it is fitting to state that the event is a food and drink funfair where families and friends can have refreshing time-out.

This is all we can take for now. There will definitely be a series of crash food competitions that would be unveiled as the year rolls by. We hope to keep you posted on these when the application process begins. So stay connected and keep things sizzling.

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Why Atiku Must Pick an Economist as A Running Mate
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Photo Credit; Daily Post

Cheers trailed the successful primaries held at the PDP National Convention at Port Harcourt over the weekend. Just as you know, Atiku led the polls with a landslide victory garnering 49% of total valid votes. The unrelenting septuagenarian clinched the PDP presidential ticket barely 10 months after defecting from the ruling party.

He has had his fair share of national leadership, having assumed the office of the Vice President for two consecutive tenures. Drawing from a bank of experience and wealth of business-driven personality, he was able to head the National Economic Council during the period of relative economic stability and deserves credit for conceiving the concept of the listing of the NNPC on the stock exchange.

His candidacy poses a major threat to the incumbency given the divided allegiance of the Northern and Southern part of the country upon his emergence as the top contender for the office of the CEO of Nigeria Inc (as Wale Olusi refers to the company - Nigeria).

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With the North West divided between Muhammadu Buhari and Rabiu Kwankwaso’s Atiku, the South West seem lopsided towards the APC due to the predominance of the Progressives. The South East and South-South seem to be Atiku’s best bet in that section of the country due to the rising unpopularity of the ruling administration due to biased handling of the IPOB and herdsmen situations.

The major focus currently is the selection of a running mate by the big two parties. While the choice of the ruling party is clearly Prof Osibanjo, an intelligent legal expert whose antecedents cannot be forgotten as regards the introduction of VAIDS, dismissal of erring DSS chief and the overhaul of the erstwhile parasitic SARS alongside other noteworthy achievements; the PDP flagbearer is currently on the look out for a running mate.

The search has been speculated to be streamlined towards economists from the South Western or South Eastern Region. The speculated nominees include the current Senate Vice President - Ike Ekweremadu, former governor of Anambra State – Peter Obi, former minister of finance and one-time deputy president of the World bank – Okonjo Iweala, as well as a two-time minister and vice president of World Bank Africa – Oby Ezekwesili. The spotlight also fell on Akinwunmi Adesina, current President of African Development Bank.

The endeared search for an economist to take up the role is expedient as the economy of Nigeria is a major concern for both the electorate and investors. The rising unemployment figures, worsening human development positions, rising debt profile, falling external reserves and rising inflation figures are all current situations bedeviling the Nigerian economy.

The recent slowdown in growth from 1.95% to 1.45% in the second quarter of 2018 raises a red flag on a likely downslide into another recession. In economic parlance, when an economy experiences two consecutive quarters of negative growth in the GDP, that economy is said to be in a recession. However, if the economy experiences a positive growth result and relapses after a short period into negative territory, such an economy is said to be in a double-dip recession.

Nigeria, the country enmeshed in a constant wealth of petrodollars overtook India as the country with the largest number of citizens living in abject poverty. It is estimated that about 87 million citizens are living less than the poverty line of $1.90 (N689.70 at N363 to a dollar) a day.

This is unsurprising as the current minimum wage per day current stands at N580.65, forming the bedrock of the clamour for an increment in the minimum wage. Much traction or direction is needed on the plans of the political contenders to cut the cost of governance.

Earlier this year, the Emir of Kano and ex – boss of the CBN, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi gave the following analysis on cutting the cost of governance to stem rising unemployment levels;

*A senator receives N36 million monthly. If this is divided into two, it comes to N18 million. The second half of N18 million can be used to create jobs for 200 Nigerians, each earning N90, 000 monthly.

“When you multiply 200 people by 109 senators, this will give 21,800 Nigerians gainful employment. In short, 200 Nigerians will be able to live a comfortable life on half a senator’s monthly salary.

“Half of that amount is N12.5 million, which is enough to employ 135 Nigerians with a monthly salary of N92, 500 each. Nigeria has 360 members in the House of Representatives. Half of their salaries can employ 48,600 Nigerians who can live comfortably.

“So, the Buhari Administration can employ 70,400 Nigerians with monthly salaries ranging from N90, 000 to N92, 500. This is just by dividing the salaries of senators and representatives.

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“Half their present salaries is more than enough for them in a country where majority of Nigerians live on less than a dollar per day”.*

The Federal Government has although hinted on a possible upward review as their decision could yield grave consequences for the ruling party if a strike is embarked upon less than 140 days to the election.

On the flip side, the sustainability of the wage review becomes pertinent since a government is a going concern and is to run based on earlier agreements irrespective of the party in power. The latter could be taken care of if the cost of governance is cut down to considerably fair levels reflective of the state of the economy so that funds would trickle down to the masses in form of improved human development indices.

Furthermore, the need to select an economist is paramount to balancing the political and economic will of the ruling class. Hindsight showed us about an earlier occurrence of a clash between the duo - the Jonathan Subsidy Removal Saga. The decision to remove subsidy in January 2012 was sound economically but fatal politically. Although, the Jonathan administration was under fire due to the inconsistency in government policy – his predecessor had increased subsidy (or reduced the pump price paid by consumers), yet the policy was welcome at a time when the oil boom was about to bust. Two years later, crude oil prices crashed vehemently to the detriment of oil producing nations. The Venezuelan economy is yet to recover from that crises despite allegedly possessing the largest oil reserve in the world.

Hence, this critical search based on federal character and knowledge of economics is critical to the outcome of the elections as a sound legal professor with solid grasp of economics flagged by the incumbency remains the man to beat. As the election season unfolds, all we can do is to keep tabs on Buharinomics and likely implications of an Atikulate administration,

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Psychology of Children

Barriers to effective communication
A

Barriers to effective communication can retard or distort the message and intention of the message being conveyed which may result in failure of the communication process or an effect that is undesirable. These include filtering, selective perception, information overload, emotions, language, silence, communication apprehension, gender differences and political correctness.

Barriers to communication are the factors that contribute towards the total or partial loss failure of the communication. In simple terms they can be referred to as those features it act as bulwark to the desired outcome of any communication process. Some common barriers are identified in the paragraphs that follows.

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Physiological Barriers
Physiological barriers may result from individuals' personal discomfort, caused, for
example, by ill health, poor eye sight, or hearing difficulties. These may also affect one's personality in many different and mostly negative ways. It is imperative to enable one's thought process to accept the realities and yet stay positive to curb the negativity that affects one’s perception of one’s own self in relation to others. This can best be handled by working on developing a positive perception as certain physiological features contributing to barriers may not be curable.

Physical Barriers
Physical barriers include marked out territories, empires, and fiefdoms into which strangers are not allowed. Barriers can also manifest at micro level in the shape of closed office doors, barrier screens, separate areas for people of different status, and large working areas or working in one unit that is physically separate from others. Research shows that one of the most important factors in building cohesive teams is proximity. As long as people still have a personal space that they can call their own, nearness to others aids communication because it helps us get to know one another. Proximity in different cultures is different and therefore needs to be taken in the right context. It has been observed that people who come from rural backgrounds with more physical space available may not feel comfortable in closed quarters as they tend to have larger personal spaces as compared to people living in urban conditions. This aspect alone can become a significant psychological barrier if they subconsciously feel threatened" by inadvertent "invasion" of their personal space in case an urbanite approaches them in close proximity considering it as a normal personal space. There are numerous accounts of such barriers that in certain cases sprout out of cultural norms.

Cultural barriers
When we join a group and wish to remain in it, sooner or later we need to adopt the behavior pattern of the group. These are the behaviors that the group accepts as signs of belongings. The group rewards such behavior through acts of recognition, approval and inclusion. In group which are happy to accept you and where you are happy to conform, there is a mutuality of interest and a high level of win-win contract. Where however, there are barriers on your membership of a group, a high level of game played replaces good communication. It is interesting to note that we can adapt to different cultures once we come to accept it and appreciate that cultures are different so that we can be recognized from others and that no specific connotations need to be attached to one culture or the other.

Language barriers
Language that describes what we want to say in our terms may present barriers to others who are not familiar with our expressions, buzz-words, and jargon. When we couch our communication in such language, it is a way of excluding others. In a global setting, the greatest compliment we can pay another person is to talk in their language. Living language derive from other languages and successfully absorb and indigenize the borrowed words and phrases into its usage. A dialect for example would identify a person geographically and identically, certain slang would reveal the cultural or group orientation of the persons; speaking it. The same are then barriers, if spoken in situations and with people, who may not be able to relate to them.

Gender Barriers
"There are distinct differences between the speech patterns in a man and those in a woman. Global studies suggest that a woman speaks between 22,000 and 25,000 words a day whereas a man speaks between 7,000 and 10,000. In childhood, girls speak earlier than boys and at the age of three, have a vocabulary twice that of boys. The reason for this lies in the wiring of a man's and woman's brains. When a man talks, his speech is located in the left side of the brain but in no specific area. When a woman talks, the speech is located to both hemispheres and in two specific locations.

Scientifically, speaking, a man talks in a linear, logical, and compartmentalized way, which are the features of left brain thinking, whereas a woman talks more freely, mixing logic and emotion, features of both sides of the brain. It also explains why women talk for much longer than men each day. It also explains that why mothers can understand and relate better to kids (with apologies to fathers).

Interpersonal Barriers
There are six levels at which people can relate to one another.

Withdrawal is an absence of interpersonal contact. It is both refusals to be in touch and me alone. Rituals are meaningless, repetitive routines devoid of real contact Pastimes fill up time with others in social but superficial activities. Working activities are those tasks which follow the rules and procedures of contact but do not essentially mean communication. Games are subtle, manipulative interactions which are about winning and losing, Closeness is the aim of interpersonal contact where there is a high level of honesty and acceptance of yourself and others.

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