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    Subject: Vocational Aptitude

    Topic: Oil Palm Production

    Duration: 40mins

    Reference Material: Effective vocational Aptitude for primary school 5

    Previous Knowledge: Pupils are familiar with Lumbering

    Instructional Material: Diagram of palm tree; palm kernel

    Objective: At the end of the lesson, pupils should:

    • Mention the scientific name of oil palm
    • State tools used in oil palm production/processing


    Oil palm is a perennial crop. A perennial crop is a crop that grows and completes its life cycle in two or more years. It is a crop that is noted for the supply of oil. The oil is gotten from the nut. The nut of palm tree is called palm kernel. The oil is processed in a place called “Oil Mill”.

    There are two species and these are:

    1. African Oil Palm known as Elacis guineensis
    2. American Oil Palm known as Elacisn oleifera.

    The oil palm is a crop that is known for supplying oil used in cooking, other seeds that gives oil are groundnut, sheanut, cotton seed etc.

    Tools used in Oil Palm Processing are:

    1. Storage Tank       Digester                        c. Clarifier Tank
    2. Palmnut cracker e.       Oil Filter Machine         f. Spindle press


    Step 1: Teacher revises the previous lesson with the pupils.

    Step 2: Teacher introduces and explains the new topic to the pupils.

    Step 3: Pupils are allowed to ask questions.

    Step 4: Teacher writes notes under content on the board for pupils to copy.


    1. Mention 3 other seeds that gives oil.
    2. List three food in which oil palm can be used for

    Conclusion: Teacher moves round for inspection, marking and correction of notes where necessary

    Assignment: Page 20, 10 – 20

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    Former Super Eagles forward and Nigeria’s soccer ambassador, Daniel Amokachi has revealed how all his attempts to get a miracle healing failed despite sleeping at the altar of Prophet T.B Joshua’s Synagogue Church of All Nations for weeks.

    Amokachi had flown back to the Lagos-based Synagogue Church of All Nations while attempting to relaunch his career after suffering a protracted knee injury he sustained ahead of the 1998 FIFA World Cup.

    “The Bull”, as fondly called, told Brila FM on Friday that he was not healed even though he saw miracles at Synagogue.

    According to the former Everton star, “I was at the church on the invitation of a friend who is a member. My friend, at that time, told me about the man of God and that I could meet my miracle if I met with the Pastor.

    “At first, I wasn’t giving to it, but I later agreed and flew down to Nigeria from England to see the Pastor.

    “I slept by the church’s altar for several weeks to receive healing. I was not healed, but I saw lots of miracles that happened to people.”

    His football career more or less ended after he left Turkish aide Beşiktaş in 1999.

    He failed medical test after signing with 1860 Munich and the contract was cancelled.

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    The General Overseer of the Lord’s Chosen Charismatic Revival Movement, Pastor Lazarus Muoka, has claimed that Coronavirus will be a forgotten issue if churches are allowed to reopen.

    Pastor Lazarus Muoka in a video shared on the church’s official page on Facebook described the decision by world leaders to close down churches as a wrong move.

    According to him, God allowed the COVID-19 pandemic to happen so everyone can return to him.

    “The devil has taken advantage of Coronavirus and we are looking for a solution elsewhere, instead of returning to the house of the Lord.

    “If the world returns to God and enters into a covenant with him, Coronavirus will be crushed within one minute.

    “ Coronavirus is God’s wrath against man, and cannot be stopped by the closure of borders, washing of hands, use of vaccines and the wearing of face masks.”

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    The National Judicial Council, NJC has suspended two judges and recommended their compulsory retirement after finding them guilty of misconduct.

    They are Hon. Justice Francis Chukwuma Abosi, Acting President, Customary Court of Appeal, Imo State and Hon. Justice Aliyu Musa Liman of Bauchi State High Court of Justice.

    In a statement by NJC spokesperson, Soji Oye, on Friday, Justice Abosi, was recommended for compulsory retirement following the falsification of his date of birth from 1950 to 1958.

    According to NJC, its findings showed that the Judge was supposed to have retired in November, 2015 when he clocked the mandatory retirement age of Sixty-five (65) years.

    The Council then decided to recommend for his compulsory retirement to Governor Hope Uzodinma of Imo State and to also deduct the salaries he had earned from November, 2015 to date from his retirement benefit.

    On his part, Justice Liman was recommended to the Bauchi State Governor, Bala Mohammed for compulsory retirement pursuant to the findings by the Council for his failure to deliver judgement in suit No BA/100/2010, between Abubakar Isa and Sheik Tahir Usman Bauchi within the three months period stipulated by the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

    The NJC viewed his failure to deliver judgement for nearly four years as a misconduct, contrary to Section 292 (1) (b) of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999, as amended and Rules 1.3 and 3.7 of the 2016 Revised Code of Conduct for Judicial Officers of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

    Approvals for their retirement are to come from the president.

    The NJC under the Chairmanship of the Chief Justice of Nigeria, Honourable Dr. Justice I. T. Muhammad CFR, at its 91st Meeting held online on 22 and 23 April, also cleared some judges of allegations of wrongdoing, and recommended the appointment of 70 new judicial officers.

    Petitions against the following Judicial Officers; Hon. Justice O. A. Musa of the High Court of the Federal Capital Territory, Hon. Justices Muhammed A. Sambo and Sa’ad Ibrahim Zadawa of the High Court of Justice, Bauchi State were dismissed for either lacking in merit or being subjudice.

    Council also decided to report Messrs Apeiyi Becon Clement, Ifeanyi Egwasi, Nwafor Orizu, Godwin Nkemjika Chukwukwere, Akopde Haggai Ukuku, Chief Emefo Etudo, Osamudiamen Obarogie and B. S. Onuegbu to the Legal Practitioners Disciplinary Committee (LPDC) for various acts unbecoming of a Legal Practitioner ranging from unruly behaviour, walking out of Court in the cause of proceedings to submission of false documents to Court.

    The NJC has also constituted a 10-man Committee to come up with urgent practical strategic measures to be put in place in order to ensure Courts continue to function despite the lockdown and Covid-19 challenges.

    The Committee members are:
    Hon. Justice Olabode Rhodes-Vivour, CFR – Chairman
    Hon. Justice M. B. Dongban-Mensem – Member
    Hon. Justice J. T. Tsoho – Member
    Hon. Justice B. B. Kanyip – Member
    Hon. Justice Ishaq Bello – Member
    Hon. Justice Kashim Zannah, CON – Member
    Hon. Justice O. A. Ojo – Member
    Paul Usoro, SAN – Member
    Mr. A. B. Mahmoud, OON, SAN – Member
    Mr. D. D. Dodo, SAN – Member

    The Committee, inter-alia, has the following Terms of Reference: To come up with Guidelines or template for implementation; To explore possible areas of collaboration between the Judiciary and the Office of the Attorney-General of the Federation, stakeholders in the Justice Administration and Development Partners in Justice Administration Sector; and any other measures that the Committee may deem fit in realising these objectives.

    The Committee has fourteen (14) days to submit its Report.

    Council at the meeting also considered the Report of its Interview Committee and recommended Seventy (70) Judicial Officers for appointment as President, Court of Appeal, Grand Kadis, President, Customary Court of Appeal and Judges of High Court of States and the Federal Capital Territory and Kadis of States Sharia Courts of Appeal.

    The Council also formally launched its twitter handle @njcNIG and will launch its other platforms at a later date.

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    Ondo government Friday docked four men suspected to be the killers of Funke Olakunrin, the daughter of the national leader of Afenifere.

    Among the accused were Lawal Mazaje from the Felele area of Kogi State and Adamu Adamu from Jada area of Adamawa State.

    Others are Mohammed Usman from Illela area of Sokoto State and Auwal Abubakar from Shinkafi area of Zamfara State.

    The suspects were arraigned at a Chief Magistrate Court in Akure, the capital, a week after the police announced their arrest.

    Funke was killed last year at Kajola, on the Ondo-Ore Road, by people said to be Fulani marauders.

    But last week, police said they have recorded a breakthrough with the men’s arrest.

    Police spokesman DCP Frank Mba said the police had established sufficient physical and forensic evidence against the suspects.

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    Femi Adesina, spokesman to President Muhammadu Buhari, has recounted how Abba Kyari, the late chief of staff to the president, appeared in his dream the night before he died.

    He recalled that in the dream which occurred last Thursday, the late Kyari, who stood waiting for him, “oddly” did not wear his usual ‘flowing Agbada’ and was heavily bearded.

    The former chief of staff to the president died last Friday after battling COVID-19.

    In his tribute to Kyari on Friday, Adesina said he is not much of a dreamer and made nothing of the one in which Kyari appeared until after his death.

    He wrote: “On Thursday night inward Friday, I dreamt. The President and myself were in a corridor in the Presidential Villa, and he was talking with me. Suddenly, by my right, I saw a figure waiting for me to finish with the President.

    “It was Mallam Abba, clad in his usual white native attire, with the trademark red cap. But this time, there was no flowing Agbada, which I found rather odd. He never (or rarely) appeared without the flowing robe.

    “He was heavily bearded, another surprise, and the beard was all white. I rounded off discussion with the President, and yielded space for the Chief.

    “I made nothing of the dream, but after he died, I shared my experience with my friend, Mallam Garba Deen Mohammed. “He came to say goodbye to you, and you didn’t know it,” my friend said.

    “I didn’t know till then that Garba Deen had the uncommon gift of interpretation of dreams. Well, I now know where to go the next time I dream.”

    He recalled that his last contact with Kyari was on Friday, March 20, when Buhari met with Jean-Claude Kassi Brou, chairman of ECOWAS Commission, at the presidential villa.

    “A seat had been designated for me, next to that of the chief of staff. Few minutes later, Mallam Abba (as he was often called by us) walked in. I rose to greet him,” he wrote.

    “Femi, how are you? They have said we should not shake hands again,” he responded. Rather jocularly, he extended his right foot. I touched his foot with my own, and we both laughed. Leg-shake, instead of handshake.”

    Adesina said they had finished from the meeting and while leaving, he looked back “instinctively” to Kyari and others as they walked behind him.

    “Why did I do it? I didn’t know, still don’t know. But it turned out to be my last view of Kyari,” he wrote.

    “He was laughing as he talked with the two people beside him. That glance I took turned out to be the very final. About 72 hours later, Mallam Abba was diagnosed with the deadly Coronavirus, which sent him sadly on a journey of no return.

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    President Muhammadu Buhari has declared that the federal government does not have $200 million to pay Sunrise Power Transmission Company of Nigeria Ltd (SPTCL) as final settlement claims over the Mambilla dispute, TheCable can report.

    He was reacting to a request by Abubakar Malami, the attorney-general of the federation, who was seeking approval to pay the company the sum, which is a precondition to withdraw its arbitration against Nigeria at the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) in Paris, France, over an alleged breach of contract.

    In a memo to the president dated March 26, 2020, Malami asked him to approve the payment of the $200 million to Sunrise Power as “full and final settlement” to discontinue the arbitration and set the government free from all liabilities in the dispute.

    However, Buhari, in his reply dated Monday, April 20, said “FG does not have USD 200 million to pay SPTCL”.

    Nigeria is currently facing a serious fiscal crisis, with crude oil selling for less than half of the budget price.

    The federal government has slashed its budget and dipped into stabilisation savings at the Sovereign Wealth Fund Authority in order to augment federation allocations.

    The excess crude account (ECA) now has a balance of less than $100 million.

    With the COVID-19 pandemic upsetting the global economy, there is yet no end in sight to the country’s situation.


    Sunrise Power had, on October 10, 2017, dragged Nigeria to arbitration in Paris, seeking a $2.354 billion award for “breach of contract” in relation to a 2003 agreement to construct the 3,050MW plant in Mambilla, Taraba state, on a “build, operate and transfer” basis.

    The company also joined Sinohydro Corporation Limited, the Chinese company currently handling the project, in the arbitration.


    Specifically, Sunrise asked for “success fee” of $1.044 billion under the general cooperation agreement between it and Sinohydro; $750 million for “loss of profit” as local content partner; $263 million as accrued costs (“wasted expenditure”) from 2001 to 2017; $172 million as litigation cost; and $125 million as “reputational loss”.

    To resolve the dispute, Nigeria entered into negotiations with Sunrise Power in November 2019 and proposed to pay $100,000 million as against the $500 million being demanded by Sunrise.

    The federal government team, led by Malami and Suleiman Adamu, minister of water resources, made a proposal of $200 million to Sunrise as a “middle ground” and the company accepted the offer subject to approval by Buhari.

    The settlement claim was to be paid “within 14 days” of the execution of the terms of agreement on January 21, 2020 — but the timelines have now been adjusted.

    The government team also agreed to pay a penalty of 10 per cent in case of any default in fulfilling the settlement agreement — in addition to restoring Sunrise as the local content partner in the $5.8 billion hydroelectric project.

    The latter two conditions have now been expunged from the revised settlement agreement presented to the president by Malami on March 26.

    An addendum dated March 25, 2020 containing the revised terms was attached to the documents sent to the president by Malami.

    In it, representatives of the federal government and Sunrise Power proposed that the $200 million would be in “one or two tranches with 150 Calendar days (5 months)” from the date of the execution of the agreement.

    The first $100 million was to be paid within 30 days of execution and the balance “shall be paid within 90 calendar days (3 months) of the first payment” with a grace period of 30 days.

    But Nigeria’s inability to settle the settlement claim may further compound matters.


    Leno Adesanya, chairman of Sunrise, had in a letter dated March 31, 2017 to Babatunde Fashola, then minister of power, accused him of reneging on his promise to support the project.

    Fashola maintained that available evidence did not support Adesanya’s claims for compensation as there was nothing on ground to suggest the company was executing any contract.

    In another letter dated June 20, 2017 to the then Acting President Yemi Osinbajo requesting his intervention in the matter, Adesanya accused Abba Kyari, the late chief of staff to Buhari, of taking the unilateral decision of directing the ministry of power to sideline the company from the contract “against the advice of Malami”.

    In the letter dated July 24, 2017 to Osinbajo, with a copy to the chief of staff, Malami had said SPTCL should be engaged as a local content partner to the project “as a means of accommodating its prior contractual interests on the project”.

    However, Malami backtracked a few weeks later.

    In another letter dated August 17, 2017 to the company, the AGF said he issued the previous opinion on the project based on the limited materials provided at the time.

    He added that there was no requisite federal executive council (FEC) approval for the project.

    “The logical conclusion in the circumstances should be that there was no valid contract between Federal Government of Nigeria and SPTC in respect of the project or at all,” Malami wrote.


    The China Exim Bank, which is expected to provide 85 percent of the joint funding with the federal government for the Mambilla project, had insisted on compliance with due process and terms of the November 2017 engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract signed with the partners before releasing the funds.

    The Chinese ambassador to Nigeria said his country will not support white elephant projects.

    “On 5th September, 2019, Yang Jiechi, Special Representative of President Xi Jinping informed the Nigerian President and Commander in Chief, President Muhammadu Buhari that unless the legal dispute is resolved, conforming out of court settlement funding for the loan will not be accessed,” He Yongjun, project manager for the Chinese partners, said.

    “A meeting shall be organized by the Ministry of Power for negotiation between the relevant authorities of the Nigeria government, SUNRISE, and the members of the EPC Contractor JV to resolve the legal disputes through amicable negotiations so as to let the plaintiff withdraw the lawsuit.”


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    The Economist of London says Abba Kyari, the late chief of staff to President Muhammadu Buhari, tried to clean up Nigeria before his demise.

    Exactly one week ago, Kyari died from COVID-19 complications. He had tested positive for the disease after a trip to Germany where he attended a meeting with officials of Siemens to discuss issues relating to the Nigerian power sector.

    In a piece published on Thursday, Kyari was described as “a largely honourable man” who wanted the best for his country.

    The Economist said Kyari was often bothered about the degree of corruption in the country and thought of ways to end it.

    An instance was cited on how the boss of an energy company “forgot” a bag stuffed with $100 bills at his office but Kyari was quoted to have said: “much too much of our work is spent on stopping our own people stealing”.

    “While Mr Kyari was alive, others were much less kind. Many saw him as the figurehead for a shadowy cabal that controlled policy and appointments, and granted favours and contracts,” the piece read.

    “Cabinet ministers grumbled that they could not get past his door to discuss important issues with a distant and apathetic president. Mr Kyari’s economic thinking, which seemed stuck in the 1970s, was also criticised.

    “There was some truth to these accusations. Yet there is also a broader parable of Mr Kyari. It is one of a largely honourable man who went to the heart of a thoroughly corrupt and dysfunctional system, aiming to reform it—but who struggled to overcome its inertia amid a series of crises.

    “He was known to turn down offers of free upgrades to first class (he thought it vulgar) before taking his seat in business class on British Airways flights.

    “The corruption and decay of Nigeria’s state, and the inequality they bred, dismayed and worried him. Nigeria had to change, he argued. The question was whether it would be through orderly reform or chaotic breakdown.”

    The publication said it is unfortunate that Kyari served in a government which took power after crash in oil prices pushed the country into recession.

    It said the late chief of staff had hoped that Buhari’s second term “would provide an opportunity to liberalise the corrupt oil and gas industries by making contracts and licences more transparent and taking them out from under the thumb of politicians.”

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    Nigeria’s President, Muhammadu Buhari has warned Muslims in the country to shun all forms of congregational prayers and group meals as Ramadan begins on Friday in a bid to avert spreading the deadly Coronavirus.

    Buhari, in a statement on Thursday, also wished Muslims well as they begin this year’s 30-day fast, following the sighting of the moon.

    “I congratulate all Muslims as they commence this year’s Ramadan fast which is depicted by self-denial, universal brotherhood, austerity and helping relatives and needy people,” said the President.

    Buhari described Ramadan 2020 as a challenge, falling as it is in the period of the global pandemic, which has spread to more than 200 nations, with virtually all countries advising citizens to avoid large gatherings and have their prayers and meals (suhoor and iftar) individually or with family at home.

    “In this Ramadan period, the kind of socializing you are used to now risks spreading the Coronavirus,” the President cautions Muslims, while enjoining them to refrain from those Ramadan rituals and traditions such as group meals and congregational prayers that have been put on hold by Muslim religious authorities all over the world.

    Buhari urged Muslims to endure and not to use the Coronavirus as an excuse not to participate in the Ramadan fast, unless such abstention is warranted by the excuses clearly outlined by health and religious authorities.

    He wished Muslims in the country and the world over all the blessings of the holy month.

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    There was palpable fear in Ado-Ekiti, the Ekiti State capital on Thursday as armed policemen stormed and dispersed traders and buyers who thronged some major markets against the directive of the state government.

    The policemen, who stormed the markets around 10: 30am in six police pick-up vans and an Armoured Personnel Carrier (APC), were civil in their words and actions with the traders and residents who came to the markets in effecting their closure.

    The policemen were at Bisi Market and Oja Oba both in Ado Ekiti and Shasha Market in Ikere Ekiti to stop buying and selling already going on there.

    Trading activities were stopped at the two large markets in the state capital as traders and residents filled them to the capacity without observing the rule of social and physical distancing.

    Besides, the outpouring of residents who were utilising the one-day window of opportunity to restock food and other necessities caused a huge traffic snarl by displaying their wares on the road.

    The Nation learnt that traders had arrived the markets from different of the state as early as 5.00 am to transact businesses.

    The Commander of Mobile Police (MOPOL 33), ACP Samuel Erhale, who led the policemen to Oja Oba and Bisi Market at about 10.30am gave the traders thirty minutes to pack their wares and leave for neighbourhood markets immediately.

    Social and physical distancing were observed at Shasha Market in Ikere Ekiti but Erhale insisted that holding the market violated government’s directive.

    After holding consultations with the Sarkin Shasha, Erhale who is also the Assistant Commissioner in charge of Operations. (AC-OPS) of the state police command, ordered all traders and their customers to evacuate their goods and leave.

    Erhale said the crowded scenes at the markets could lead to further spread of the Coronavirus in the state which, according to him, are injurious to public health.

    He advised them to take their wares to the available neighbourhood markets as directed by the government.

    The police chief further stressed the need for traders and buyers to observe physical and social distancing in line with the advisory of the state government.

    He insisted that the instruction of the state government was that Oja Oba and Bisi Market should not be opened for business, hence, the enforcement of the order to close them.

    They waited until the traders evacuated their goods from the two markets in Ado Ekiti before heading to the market in Ikere to enforce the same order.

    The markets became a ghost town after the thirty minutes given to traders to leave had lapsed.

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